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51个需要掌握的动画练习

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2015.12.06 02:24

想知道提升技艺的捷径?当然是靠练习啦!这可是句十足的金玉良言啊。无论是何种技艺,动画也好,其他技艺也罢,都必须靠练习才能有所长进,这比读文章、学小贴士、找导师都更为重要。今天我们就设立了一张练习项目表,帮助大家巩固和提高技巧。

51 Great Animation Exercises to Master

蓝铅笔翻译专稿;转载请注明出处。

51 Great Animation Exercises To Master

Quickest way to improvement? Practice. It’s a simple bit of advice that rings with absolute truth. Articles, tips, mentors, and study will never get you as far as rolling up your sleeves and getting down to work, be it animation or any other skill. Today we’ve compiled a list of exercises, like animation push-ups, that will get your art skills buff and toned.

想知道提升技艺的捷径?当然是靠练习啦!这可是句十足的金玉良言啊。无论是何种技艺,动画也好,其他技艺也罢,都必须靠练习才能有所长进,这比读文章、学小贴士、找导师都更为重要。今天我们就设立了一张练习项目表,帮助大家巩固和提高技巧。

Maybe you still need convinced of how important the “Art of Doing” is? Look no further than the early days of animation, especially at the Disney studio. Here were a group of animators (before being an animator was even a thing) who HAD no books to read, or websites to visit, or even experienced animators to ask. They learned via the age old art of hands-on training, experimenting and discovering as they went. And some would argue they created some of the greatest animation to ever be seen. Masterpieces like the dwarfs dancing in Snow White or the terror of the Monstro scene in Pinocchio. So be like them! Get out there and do animation!

也许你还不太相信“实干的力量”有多强大,那就回头看看动画业发展的早期吧,尤其是迪斯尼工作室。当时的动画师(甚至还算不上是一个职业)没有任何书本可参照,没有网站可以学习访问,甚至都没有资深动画师来指导,他们完全通过练习手绘艺术,通过亲身体验和摸索才得以学成。而且不少人认为那时候才是动画的黄金时期,创建出了最伟大的作品,如《白雪公主》中七个小矮人跳舞的场景,或是《风中奇缘》里的怪物场景。我们何不向他们学习,提笔练习动画吧!

51 Great Animation Exercises To Master

Some of these exercises you may have done or seen before; some maybe not. Consider doing each of them, even if you did once previously, because returning to an old exercise to see how much you’ve progressed is a very valuable experience.

以下即51个需要掌握的动画练习,有些你可能已经做过或听说过,那也无妨,即便做过也再把它们按顺序重新完成一遍,这样也能帮助你看出自己的进步。

Level 1 Exercises

第1阶段练习

(Do not discount their simplicity! Here you have the principals of animation, which all other animation is built on. They are worth your time and effort.)

(不要因为简单就忽视这个阶段的练习!这些是基础动画原理,最值得你花时间和精力来应对。)

1. Ball Bouncing in place, no decay (loop)

2. Ball Bouncing across the screen

3. Brick falling from a shelf onto the ground

4. Simple character head turn

5. Character head turn with anticipation

6. Character blinking

7. Character thinking [tougher than it sounds!]

8. Flour Sack waving (loop)

9. Flour Sack jumping

10. Flour Sack falling (loop or hitting the ground)

11. Flour Sack kicking a ball

1. 小球弹跳,无衰减(循环)

2. 小球跨越屏幕弹跳

3. 砖块从架子上掉落在地

4. 简单的角色头部转动

5. 带有准备动作的角色头部转动

6. 角色眨眼

7. 角色思考 [可别小看,比你想象得要难的多哦!]

8. 面粉袋摆动(循环)

9. 面粉袋跳跃

10. 面粉袋下落(循环或触地)

11. 面粉袋踢球

Level 2 Exercises

第2阶段练习

12. Change in Character emotion (happy to sad, sad to angry, etc.)

13. Character jumping over a gap

14. Standing up (from a chair)

15. Walk Cycle [oldie but goodie!]

16. Character on a pogo stick (loop)

17. Laughing

18. Sneezing

19. Reaching for an object on a shelf overhead

20. Quick motion smear/blur

21. Taking a deep breath [also tougher than it sounds!]

22. A tree falling

23. Character being hit by something simple (ball, brick, book)

24. Run Cycle

12. 角色情绪变化(从开心到伤心,伤心到生气,等等)

13. 角色跳过一个缺口

14. 站起(从椅子上)

15. 行走循环 [虽老套但很实用!]

16. 角色在弹簧单高跷上(循环)

17. 大笑

18. 打喷嚏

19. 伸手拿高处架子上的物体

20. 快速运动拖尾/模糊

21. 深呼吸 [这也比你想象得要难的多哦!]

22. 树倒下

23. 角色被一个简单物体击中(球、砖、书)

24. 跑步循环

Level 3 Exercises

第3阶段练习

25. Closeupofopenhandclosingintofist

26. Closeupofhandpickingupasmallobject

27. Characterliftingaheavyobject(withpurpose!)

28. Overlappingaction(puffyhair,floppyears,tail)

29. Characterpainting

30. Hammeringanail

31. Stirringasouppotandtastingfromaspoon

32. Characterblowingupaballoon

33. Characterjuggling(loop)

34. Scaredcharacterpeeringaroundacorner

35. Startingtosaysomethingbutunsureofhow

36. Zippingupajacket

37. Lickingandsealinganenvelope

38. Standingup(fromtheground)

39. Pressinganelevatorbuttonandwaitingforit

25. 手合上并握拳的特写

26. 用手捡起一个小物体的特写

27. 角色举起重物(有意为之!)

28. 重叠动作(飞散的头发、甩动的耳朵、尾巴)

29. 角色作画

30. 敲打一个钉子

31. 搅拌汤锅并从勺子中尝一口

32. 角色吹气球

33. 角色杂耍(循环)

34. 吓坏了的角色从墙角窥视

35. 想要开口说话但很踟蹰

36. 拉上夹克上的拉链

37. 舔舐信封的密封口并把它封住

38. 站起(从地上)

39. 按下电梯按钮并等待

Level 4 Exercises

第4阶段练习

40. Character eating a cupcake

41. Object falling into a body of water

42. Two characters playing tug-of-war

43. Character dealing a deck of cards out

44. The full process of brushing one’s teeth

45. A single piece of paper dropping through the air

46. Run across screen with change in direction

47. Sleeping character startled by alarm then returning to sleepy state

48. Opening a cupboard and removing something inside

49. Putting on a pair of pants

50. Opening the “world’s best gift” and reacting

51. Any of the above exercises using a very heavy character/object next to a very light character/object. Enhance the differences the weight change makes!

40. 角色吃纸杯蛋糕

41. 物体掉落水中

42. 两个角色进行拔河

43. 角色发一副牌

44. 刷牙的全过程

45. 一张纸从空中落下

46. 跨过屏幕跑动并在中途变向

47. 熟睡的角色被闹铃惊醒,并再次入眠

48. 打开橱柜并把物体推开

49. 穿裤子

50. 打开“世上最棒的礼物”,并做出反应

51. 用一个非常胖的角色/物体配合以一个非常轻的角色/物体来做上述练习,并加强这一体重变化所带来的动画上的变化!

Things to keep in mind:

须记住:

● Reading these exercises will do as much for you as reading about push-ups would do for your physical muscles: NOTHING. If you want the benefit, you must animate them. Take a deep breath and just do it.

● Do not forget the famous words of Ollie Johnston: “You’re not supposed to animate drawings [3D models]. You’re supposed to animate feelings.” If a character isn’t thinking, they aren’t alive, and the animation has failed.

Keep it simple! There is no reason to over complicate any of these exercises. Going back to push-ups, would push-ups be harder if while doing them you also recited the Gettysburg Address? Yes. Would they be any more beneficial? No. Keep things nice and simple and clear.

Do your best. There is no reason to do these exercises poorly. Give it your all. You don’t have to show anyone, these are for you. You owe it to yourself to try your very best. Something not quite right? Take the time to fix it.

As always, have fun. Push ups are not fun. Animation is supposed to be. Be joyful in your work!

● 读一遍上述练习对你的技能提升而言,就如同读一遍“仰卧起坐”对你减肥大业一样——毫无帮助!如果想要有所斩获,你就必须提笔练习。深呼吸,然后就去做吧。

● 不要忘了Ollie Johnston(译注:迪斯尼“九大元老”之一)的至理名言:“动画不是用一张张图(或3D模型)凑出来的,而是感觉出来的。”如果角色没有进行思考,他们就不会鲜活生动,动画作品也就失败了。

保持简单化!没必要把上述练习做得过于复杂。就拿仰卧起坐举例吧,如果要你一边做仰卧起坐一边背诵林肯的葛底斯堡演说,难度会加大吗?答案是肯定的。但这样做对你的减肥大业有什么帮助么?答案就是否定的。因此,请确保作品简洁明了。

尽力而为。在做练习时不要有所保留,而要拿出自己的真实水平。虽然你不必向任何人展示作品,这只是为你自己而做的。但你需要对自己负责,为自己做出最好的动画。如有不太妥当的地方就细心更正吧。

还是那句话——要乐在其中。仰卧起坐没什么乐趣可言,但动画则不同。边做边享受吧!

Have any questions about the exercises above? Leave a comment below and we’ll answer them the best we can! Someone else may be wondering the exact same thing, so you’ll help them too. Likewise if someone is looking for possible exercises, why not share a link to these and give them a hand?

对上述练习还留有疑问吗?欢迎在文章下面留言,我们会尽力回答您的提问!也许有人跟你有相同的疑问,就可以一起解决啦!同样,如果有人在搜寻练习的话,何不把本文的链接与他们分享一下呢?

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蓝铅笔·发现艺术之美。

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