分类:行业资讯 阅读:13169
2016年12月06日 00:00




Improve Your Storyboards Instantly(原稿标题)


If you’ve studied or done animation for any length of time you’ve no doubt come across some absolutely fantastic storyboards out there. Single images that tell the story at hand with elegant brilliance yet wonderful simplicity. To create such pre-production masterpieces it takes a lot of skill and a huge amount of hard work and practice, of course, but there IS something you can do right now to make sure your storyboards really pop visually.


The secret? Add simple tone.


Hardly a secret at all, really, as contrast is the number one aspect to keep in mind when creating something. Big to small, hard to soft, fast to slow. When you add in contrast, things become much more interesting.


Take a look at the image below, from our very own Ferdinand Englander’s article “Finding Ideas: A Feature Film in an Hour.'

先来看看下面这张图,这是Animator Island的另一位编辑Ferdinand Englande在文章《动画窍门之——如何用一小时创作一部长发》使用的一幅插图。

Here we see several examples of contrast, from color on the words to size of the different text to simple shadow on the character himself. Your eyes are drawn around the page to different locations because of these contrasts. Watch what happens, then, when we remove these contrasts.


Suddenly the image has a lot less appeal, and your eyes aren’t completely sure where to look first, second, or third. The separation (contrast) is gone, and it becomes a less compelling image. (Though personally I still find the expression on the character hilarious! I’ve sure felt that feeling while brainstorming before…)


Applying Contrast and Tone Specifically to Storyboarding


Contrast is useful in all aspects of your work, but when it comes to storyboarding it shines brighter than ever. Storyboarding is all about telling a story with one image and leading the viewer’s eye to exactly what’s important. It is normally just one part of a sequence, but an essential bit that the viewer absolutely needs to see in order to fully grasp the story being told. It may linger for a split second or much longer, depending on where in the story a certain board falls.


Here then contrast through simple tone can do wonders. It can transform a line drawing with a lot going on into a simple composition that everyone knows the focus of instantly. Take a look at this amazing storyboard panel by Michael Lester who works over at Dreamworks:


There’s a HUGE amount going on in this subway car, with a large cast of characters, but thanks to tone and contrast your eyes are drawn immediately to the most important aspect (the dog in the hat) and then allowed the freedom to look over all the happy riders around him. The darker tone for the dog also plays nicely into the sad pose he’s taking. (Truth be told we could study this image all day for a treasure trove of artistic goodness, but let’s get back on topic for now.)

这辆小小的地铁车厢所包含的内容非常丰富,光是角色就有好几个,但由于合理地运用了色差和对比,我们能清楚而快速地看出重要之处(戴帽子的狗 狗),随后顺势看到了它身边的欢乐角色,而它身上昏暗的色调也很好地展现了它的悲伤之情。(坦白说,这幅无价的艺术珍品能让我们耗上一天来细细研究,不过 我们还是回到今天的主题上吧。)

Behold, like a magic trick, what happens when we remove the simple tonal contrast!


Suddenly you notice a whole lot more lines than the partially filled piece. Where exactly are you supposed to look? Is the focus the large cat to the left? Perhaps the laughing character? Maybe the story is following the child to the right, off on his first subway ride? Eventually you might make note that the dog character has a nice aura of negative space (not touching any other characters) so it may be the story is about him. Without the tone, though, getting to that point takes a lot of thinking and a long time. Time storyboard artists need to keep moving along quickly.

你会突然发现,与上图相比,这幅图中的线条多了很多,让人不知道该往哪里看,也不知重点是什么,是左边这只硕大的猫咪还是那位大笑的角色?也许 这图讲述的是关于右边那位小朋友第一次坐地铁的故事?最终你可能会慢慢发现狗狗角色周围有些负空间(它与其他角色无肢体接触),故事可能跟它有关。因此, 在没有色差的情况下,要找到要点变得非常不易,需要大量时间进行大量思考。

If you’d like to see more examples of superb use of tone and contrast in storyboards, Michael’s blog Ninjerktsu(http://ninjerktsu.blogspot.com/) does not disappoint. It’s filled with storyboard-like-comics that are as hilarious as they are beautiful. (This one about a “Cat Lady” is one of my personal favorites.)

如果想看更多使用色差和对比来制作精彩故事板的例子,就去Michael的博客 Ninjerktsu(http://ninjerktsu.blogspot.com/)逛逛吧(温馨提示:天朝子民需翻墙),一定不会让你失望的!他 的博客中有许多类似故事板的漫画,精美地制作了一个个令人捧腹大笑的故事。(其中《Cat Lady(猫咪女士)》是本人最爱)

Keep It Simple


While it helps to use tone as shadow, you don’t need to know advanced lighting techniques to add this aspect to your drawings. Simple blocking of three or four tones is enough to do the trick. Things you want to draw the eye to should have the highest level of contrast, while the areas that you’d like to fade into the background should blend in with less contrast. As an exercise, try adding in these five tones to a line drawing you’ve done (or add them to another artist’s line drawings just to practice).


lay around with changing levels of contrast, blocking in tone vs adding shadows, and drawing the viewer’s eye to different places. Feel free to be messy, you don’t have to fill in every last pixel here. It’s through experimenting like this that you’ll discover where and when to use simple tone, and just how powerful of a tool it can be.





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